As parts of Europe included tornadoes especially over the Netherlands what's the chances of the UK seeing some tornadic action?
Britain averages around 30 short lived, weak tornadoes per year. However it seems that conditions do come together to for stronger tornado activity.
On a day when thunderstorms were expected to develop across the Midlands and eastern England on 28 July 2005 a Birmingham tornado, one of the strongest tornadoes recorded in Great Britain caused major damage in the suburbs of Birmingham.
Back in 2012 a report by the University of Manchester provided data on possible UK tornado strikes, showing the Thames Valley as the most likely area in Britain to be hit.
The UK has more reported tornadoes per square mile than any other country however the vast majority are weak. The strongest recorded tornado in the country hit Portsmouth on 14 December 1810, with a F4* rating.
*The Fujita scale (F-Scale) is a scale for rating tornado intensity, based primarily on the damage tornadoes inflict on human-built structures and vegetation.
The scale was introduced in 1971 by Ted Fujita of the University of Chicago, in collaboration with Allen Pearson, head of the National Severe Storms Forecast Center.
In December 2020, a F0 tornado struck Surrey and brought 70 mph winds along a narrow strip that clipped Chertsey and Ottershaw. Tornadoes are frequent in the UK with 95% classified as F0 or F1 with 1 out of 20 at F2.
The earliest-known Irish tornado appeared on April 30, 1054, in Rostella, near Kilbeggan. The earliest-known British tornado hit central London on October 23, 1091, and was especially destructive.
Did you know? that Metcheck.com with data from the UK MetOffice provide a 15min Tornado Radar for the UK
Europe also regularly endures severe weather events. Tornadoes are less frequent over in the US, but storms, for instance, can be really devastating, like the Kyrill storm in 2007 that caused huge damage and loss of life in the UK and in Germany.
In August 2008 though, Poland was severely hit by an outbreak of strong tornadoes. Earlier that same month, the North of France was also hit. And in November 2012, Taranto, in Italy also suffered such a violent weather event. (Source)
‘These last years, we see an increase in the number of tornadoes being reported in Europe.’
One person has been killed and at least 10 injured after a f1 tornado swept through a coastal town in Zeeland - Weather bureau Weerplaza said the whirlwind started over the water and then moved onshore.
The storm ripped the roofs off four houses and tore down trees around 1pm on Monday.
Fire crews and ambulances were called declared a GRIP 2 situation, meaning the incident could have a wider impact on the surrounding area.
Witnesses said the tornado had sent roof tiles and garden furniture flying across the street.
What was the worst tornado in Europe? On July 24, 1930 the small town of Montello in the plains of Veneto, north-eastern Italy, just south of the southern foot of the Alps was hit by the strongest tornado in Europe on record.
The tornado maxed out on the Fujita scale at F5 rating, producing extreme damage – even destroying strong masonry.
In Europe, we have an average of 300 every year, but most tornadoes are not as dramatic as this one in the Netherlands.
This is the third tornado to hit the area this year - a tornado struck Beek, on the 20th May damaging roofs. Considerable damage occurred with this tornado along its 21.5 km long path into Germany and Russia and the 1st June a waterspout struck Hoorn also in the Netherlands.
The Fujita scale is a scale for rating tornado intensity, based primarily on the damage tornadoes inflict on human-built structures and vegetation. Determined by meteorologists and engineers after a ground or aerial damage survey.
The Fujita scale was replaced with the Enhanced Fujita scale in the United States in February 2007.
EU Commission Report - These last years, we see an increase in the number of tornadoes being reported in Europe but, it is impossible to say whether a real increase has occurred. The rise in the number of reported tornadoes is almost certainly due to increased efforts to collect such data, supported by the EWENT project.’ - Mr Groenemeijer.